Research and Research Training in BIAZA Zoos and Aquariums
The BIAZA research database is a spreadsheet containing details which member collections submit about research (postgraduate and professional) and research training (up to undergraduate) projects being undertaken within their collection. The database contains information on 4816 projects since 1969, and these have here been analysed to discern trends in numbers, taxa and subjects studied, academic institutions and collections involved. Additionally a literature search has been carried out to identify the number of peer-reviewed publications generated from this research. Thirty-eight collections contributed information to the database (31.4% of BIAZA membership). Both research and research training projects have increased substantially since 2000, which parallels a growth in animal care/welfare/behaviour courses in academic institutions. Projects in both categories are skewed heavily towards behavioural studies on mammals, with smaller numbers of projects on members of other taxa, or other topics. A small number of zoos and academic institutions are responsible for the majority of projects in both categories, although the number of academic institutions that have carried out projects in BIAZA zoos is very large (n=246 in 18 different countries). The number of projects which eventually get published in the peer-reviewed literature, however, is very small. It is concluded that more needs to be done to encourage greater participation in the publication of research, and to promote a wider diversity of topics and taxa studied.
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