Retrospective study of mortality of captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in a French zoo (1974-2013)


  • Benjamin Lamglait Reserve Africaine de Sigean
  • Elodie Trunet Reserve Africaine de Sigean
  • Antoine Leclerc Reserve Africaine de Sigean



The zoological and medical records and necropsy reports of 193 captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) that died at the Réserve Africaine de Sigean (France) from 1974 to 2013 were examined. The goal of this study was to determine the most common causes of mortality in order to highlight issues on which to focus on, as well as the influence of age, gender and place of birth. Cannibalism by cagemates was the most prevalent cause of death in neonates and juveniles. The most common causes of mortality were reproductive diseases in adult females and cardiovascular conditions in adult males. Geriatric African wild dogs were mainly affected by urinary diseases and tumoral processes. The findings of this study could imply management suggestions for the captive African wild dog population.