Retrospective study of mortality of captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in a French zoo (1974-2013)
AbstractThe zoological and medical records and necropsy reports of 193 captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) that died at the Réserve Africaine de Sigean (France) from 1974 to 2013 were examined. The goal of this study was to determine the most common causes of mortality in order to highlight issues on which to focus on, as well as the influence of age, gender and place of birth. Cannibalism by cagemates was the most prevalent cause of death in neonates and juveniles. The most common causes of mortality were reproductive diseases in adult females and cardiovascular conditions in adult males. Geriatric African wild dogs were mainly affected by urinary diseases and tumoral processes. The findings of this study could imply management suggestions for the captive African wild dog population.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).